Since the appearance of her study, other scholars further examined Thucydides's treatment of realpolitik. Those who look out for their people only in so far as it redounds to their personal advantage, hold their subjects in the same status as the average man considers his horse or ass.
Thucydides's work, however, Popper goes on to say, represents "an interpretation, a point of view; and in this we need not agree with him".
The realpolitik of Machiavelli, on the other hand, influenced such figures as Otto von Bismarck, the architect of Imperial Germany, the first authoritarian state of the modern era, characterized by strict martial discipline, colossal government intervention in individual affairs, and a policy of relentless military expansionism.
According to historians like Paul Johnson, the Erasmian ideal served as inspiration for later governments, such as that of the United States, which, rather than functioning to enrich an autocracy or a ruling clique, was originally structured to protect its constituency while intervening minimally with the lives of the citizens.
That good laws are enacted by representatives of the people and violated by kings. Thucydides has no political aim in view: Thucydides, an Athenian, wrote the history of the war between the Peloponnesians and the Athenians, beginning at the moment that it broke out, and believing that it would be a great war, and more worthy of relation than any that had preceded it.
Even the realism of Machiavelli had to wrestle with these notions, finding that pure pragmatism devoid of moral assumptions and ideal ends does not exist. He holds the highest Clout Level 10 possible on Associated Content.
To be a philosopher and to be a Christian is synonymous in fact. Is it the business of politicians to primarily consider the ideal or the real. Erasmus, on the other hand, has faith that his message could change the entire empire — if heeded by those in power.
In a passage from The Prince which is scandalous by the standards of any time, Machiavelli compares fortune to a lady, and advises rulers to grab her as they desire rather than entreat and beg her for her favors. His Life, Works, and Influence.
There is also evidence of his knowledge concerning some of the corpus of Hippocratic medical writings. Though many lay unburied, birds and beasts would not touch them, or died after tasting them [ Erasmus, however, was renowned for promoting intellectual tolerance and free expression in an age when such views were often perceived as dangerous and even heretical by both the Catholic establishment and the Protestant reformers.
How is it best to live. African thought has a natural interest in spiritual issues and spiritualismwhile Eastern philosophy emphasizes the harmony and complementarity of humans and nature.
In these years Erasmus was conscious of his strength and his boldness. The Annales Schoolwhich exemplifies this direction, has been viewed as extending the tradition of Herodotus. Erasmus, however, was renowned for promoting intellectual tolerance and free expression in an age when such views were often perceived as dangerous and even heretical by both the Catholic establishment and the Protestant reformers.
Erasmus warns his readers, A prince is vitally concerned with the needs of his subjects, even while engaged in personal matters. These two visions would come to an ultimate confrontation during the twentieth-century series of global conflicts between liberty and totalitarianism.
A former undergraduate professor of mine opened his classes by observing a stark distinction between the pragmatic and the theoretical for the study of government. The obstacles that he perceived in the way of the Gospel were scandalous and menacing realities:. Thucydides (/ θj uː ˈ s ɪ d ɪ d iː z /; Greek: Θουκυδίδης Thoukydídēs [tʰuːkydídɛːs]; c.
– c. BC) was an Athenian historian and douglasishere.com History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year BC.
Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history" by those who accept his claims to have. Perserving our Heritage Level 1 Part 1, Moe Ccue C My Box-Spanish 6/Pk, Stone A Visit to the Suez Canal (), T.
K. Lynch Ageing, health and care, Christina R. Victor Lighthouses and Lifesaving on Washington's Outer Coast, William S Hanable. Beliefs, Morals and Values Application - #Beliefs, Morals and Values, # Beliefs, Morals and Values Application According to Webster’s II New College Dictionary a belief is the mental act, condition, or habit of placing trust or confidence in a person or thing and mental acceptance of or conviction in the truth or actuality of something ().
Machiavelli vs. Erasmus I believe that both of these views, to a certain extent and in certain situations, are still relevant today.
With some people, the parts of the population that seek only to gain in their lives, and not contribute to the betterment of society, I would say that the Machiavellian approach would be of better use.
About articles, of which: About full-length scientific pieces, of which 17 were co-authored; 57 of the self-authored pieces were refereed, 45 were invited (in edited volumes, for example).
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from douglasishere.comMachiavelli vs erasmus